Calculating % leakages in your plant

Whereas it poses a great challenge to estimate the sum of all leakages at one point of time in a plant, it is a simple calculation which gives one an excellent ball park figure as to how much 'trouble' the compressed air systems is in. 

To calculate leakage in a plant simply pressurize the compressor when the plant is shut down and no machines or equipments are operating. Then record the load and no load time of the compressor for a set period of time which could be anywhere between 30 minutes to an hour. 

The % leakage of the compressed air system is simply the division of the on load time divided by the total time the measurement has been taken. 

For e.g. If a reading has been taken for 30 minutes...and the total number of minutes the compressor was working was 7.5 minutes then the percent leakage of the plant is 7.5/30 = 25%.

Next step is to assess the amount of trouble the plant is in. To give a fair analysis of the same, we give below a simple table which gives the importance level of a leakage control program to be put in place :-

1. Leakage less than 5% - Leaksrepair program not required. Can be set for a later date.

2. Leakage b/w 5% to 30% - Leaksrepair program to be immediately installed

3. Leakage more than 30% - compressor audit to be immediately done before Leaksrepair program to be installed.